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A Detailed Guide on how to draw Blood successfully from your loved one's body

There is no point in denying the significance of drawing blood from a human body. Since, it is rightly assumed as the most crucial medical techniques applied by phlebotomy technicians. However, being an individual you can also learn how to draw blood from a particular vein. Though, it takes lot of skill and mental toughness to obtain expertise in understanding the art of drawing blood.

Why this medical procedure is called an art? This is an important question that needs proper answer. There are people in the world those cannot perform this task easily because they are not emotionally strong. Hence, if you wish to draw blood from your loved one's body then you need to be smart enough to perform this task in an appropriate way.  

Veins are those body parts that usually differ from person to person, some people have visible veins while different people don't have visible veins. The process of drawing blood from anyone's body can be considered as beneficial for both patient and the person who is drawing blood. It certainly depends on the mindset of people since there are people who do not like needles.

Here is the response of a person who experienced blood drawing procedure for the first time. 

Can we talk about how much blood they draw in first tri? from BabyBumps

On the other hand, there are people who assumes this process as a learning curve. In a scenario where you are unable to draw blood from someone's body then it is better to get this procedure done through a professional phlebotomy technician. Phlebotomy technicians are actually those professionals who know how to draw blood from a patient's body.

Considering the importance of this medical process, here is the list of tips and procedures that will help you in drawing blood. In this way you will know how to draw blood from a particular vein in a successful manner.

Primary Guidelines

Before starting the process of drawing blood from a body, one should know that this procedure is known as phlebotomy. The process of blood drawing generally starts when a patient arrives to the laboratory. If the objective of this process is to perform biochemical analysis that can include measurement of sugar level, cholesterol, iron or triglycerides.    

In addition, you should avoid taking food before 18 hour. However, you can take liquids in the form of water or a juice but you avoid drinking alcohol, coffee or beverages. Since excessive food intake can influence the final results of blood drawing process.

The process of drawing blood should be performed when patient has successfully gone through his or her therapy. This aspect should be taken into consideration that therapies do influence the various substances of patient's blood. Hence, if you wish to obtain the best possible outcomes of blood drawing process it is recommended that patient's whole therapy must be finished. Furthermore, you should take precautionary measures if the patient has experienced iron or vitamin therapy. 

The blood drawing process is a bit different if you wish to donate blood to someone. Before donating blood, you should take proper meal along with high intake of water. Likewise, a proper night sleep is a must considering the critical impacts of blood donation process.

Preparation for the Procedure

At the start of the procedure, It is better to establish trust by introducing yourself to a patient. Since, many people do not have pleasing memories regarding this procedure. During this situation, being a medical professional you are supposed to calm down the fears of those people who have faced difficult times. You may begin the process by communicating with the patient in a friendly manner. In this conversation you are allowed to share a joke or any topic on a lighter note.

 

It is high time to explain the whole process of drawing blood to a patient. This step is important for children and those people who are experiencing this phenomenon for the first time. The process of blood drawing usually completes in less than three minutes. Hence patients should be informed that the whole procedure is completed in a jiffy. Therefore, they just need to bear minor pierce after feeling mild distress.   

 

The second step that is usually followed after the first step is sanitization. You must wash your hands and then wear a pair of gloves too. This step holds crucial importance since your main motivation as a phlebotomy technician is to draw blood safely from a patients' bodies.  After following this step, you should confirm requisition immediately.

The requisition slip should include personal information of the patients like medical record number and date of birth. After completing the requisition slip requirements, it should be properly stamped and a labeling should be made to identify patients' record easily.

 In case of blood donation, always make sure that the donor is legally, physically and mentally able to donate blood. In addition, you should also asses the blood type of a donor in a detailed way. The donor must be able enough to behave and act normally after completing blood donation procedure. You must perform toxicology in which a donor should be analyzed either he or she is drug or alcohol addict.

It is your responsibility to maintain all the needed supplies and equipments at one place. The procedure should be conducted in a timely manner and lack of planning and organization could result in disturbing the donor emotionally.

Complete Phlebotomy Process

Venipuncture Beginning

Venipuncture is the process in which a patient is properly seated. After that, his or her arm must be sufficiently straightened. If a patient is lying on a bed then it is always recommended to place a pillow under the arms of a patient. 

Being a medical professional, you should make the vein visible and it will be possible only when patient has clutched his or her fist firmly.   Furthermore, the fists should not be pumped, now it is time to use your index finger and you just need to tap it at this point of time. The wipes soaked in alcohol should be used during the venipuncture site for once. You should also create circular motions, at times alcohol interaction with blood may develops harsh sensation. Hence it is better to wait for 30 seconds so it can evaporate.

Blood Drawing 

Here is how you can draw blood being a medical professional in a successful way.

  • First of all, get the needle then it must be sufficiently intact.
  • Now make sure the needle is properly placed in a holder at a secure place too.
  • The blood collection tube must be placed in a holder.
  • It is time to take the patients arm then the thumbs should be used to pull the skin taut for 1'' to 2'' underneath puncture site.
  • The arms must also be pointed downwards so it will make easy for you to find the vein.

There are patients whose veins can be easily identified due to low body fat. However, you will have to perform the procedure in a detailed way since you will find many patients who are victims of high body fat. This is how you will be able to find the vein in a desired way. After exploring the vein, you need to know how to grip a needle at the time of drawing blood from patients' bodies.  

At this point of time, you have to introduce a needle and make sure to push the collection tube till it reaches to the required level. This is crucial because this step will help the blood in flowing downwards. Therefore, the collection tube must be placed below the insertion site. Likewise, you should wait till the tube is adequately filled with blood. After performing this procedure, you can easily remove tourniquet.

After finishing the whole activity, tube must be discarded from holder immediately. Furthermore, you should not shake the tube to keep the blood in its actual form. Similarly, the whole activity should be repeated for the other tubes as well.  You should also make sure that the tubes should not be mixed with each other and it should be sorted separately.

Patients can stop clutching their hands when the needle is removed, bleeding must be stopped at this point of time. You can easily stop the bleeding through grasping and pressing the gauze in place.

Drawing Order of Blood 

During this procedure, it is better to take various samples but make sure you follow a certain order. Here is the way by which you can maintain the order of tubes:

  • Blood Culture (Yellow or Yellow black Top)
  • Coagulation Tube
  • Serum
  • Heparin
  • EDTA
  • Glucose
  • Others

When you are using tubes with additives, you must know how to mix these tubes completely.

Clean the Working Area

You cannot underestimate the value of hygiene if you have to work in a medical profession for a longer time period. Likewise, you should keep yourself clean and in this way you can keep others safe too. In addition, you will be able to tackle the issue of contamination to certain extent. You should know how to draw blood in a safe manner and at the same time it is your responsibility to dispose of different stuff in the right manner.

After completing venipuncture procedure, you should do the process of hand hygiene. Furthermore, you should ask the patient how the patient is feeling after following venipuncture procedure. You should also perform the task of cross checking because it is always better to anticipate any kind of discrepancy in a proactive way.

You should also clean the office once the patient leaves the office. In addition, it is suggested that the armrest through germicidal wiper. After doing this actvity, it is time to submit all the samples that have been collected throughout the day.

How to behave during the procedure

Customer relationship management is the best way to keep your all patients relaxed and happy. The medical profession is really cumbersome therefore you should know how to develop long lasting and pleasing relationships with the patients. This procedure must be performed to maintain the trust and understanding between the patient and the professional who is drawing blood.

Hence, you should communicate in a friendly way with all your patients as much as possible. Since, patients have different apprehensions regarding venipuncture procedure. You are ethically and professionally bound to calm down the nervousness and anxiety level of patients in an appropriate manner.  

Exploring Adequate Insertion Point

 Phlebotomy technicians are the best individuals who can easily find the right insertion point since these professionals have tons of experience. The insertion point can be identified by selecting larger median cubital along with cephalic veins. Similarly, it is highly recommended to draw blood from arms. However, feet are the last option that should be used because there are lots of complications involved in this phenomenon.

Here is the list of areas that must be avoided that includes:

    • Scared or burned tissues
    • A sample from intravenous line, hence it should be flushed before to draw blood easily and avoid the issue of hemolysis.
    • If edematous extremities are found, there is a probability that tissue fluid accumulation can influence the outcomes of the blood drawing procedure negatively.
    • Different hospitals have specific policies that are applied during the process of blood drawing. 

Wheelchair style of Blood Drawing

Final Thoughts

The first and foremost thing you should keep in your mind that it takes lot of guts and perfection to draw a blood from your loved one's body. Since, this process needs perfection so it is recommended that registered phlebotomy technicians should perform this task. Phlebotomy technicians are the most valuable resource in the healthcare industry that has ever been introduced.  

Through this guide you can find vein in a patient's body and at the same time you will learn how to draw blood successfully. All you need to do is to make sure you have followed all the required procedure in a required manner. 



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