Recognition of a pt’s respiratory pattern should be as key as knowing what happened to them. It’s part of any medical assessment really when you are doing you’re A-B-C’s correctly.
At this point, I am writing with the knowledge that you understand the regular anatomy of the respiratory system and how it works.
Gradually increasing rate and depth of respirations followed by a gradual decreas or respirations with intermittent periods of apnea
Commonly associated with brainstem insults
Deep, rapid respirations
Commonly associated with DKA; Caused by metabolic acidosis as a way to remove CO2 and increase the pH of the body.
Biot (ataxic) Respirations
Irregular pattern, rate, and depth of breathing with intermittent periods of apnea
Commonly seen in ICP pt’s, since there is pressure on the pons and medulla, you are causing issues with respiration control.
Prolonged, gasping inhalation followed by extremely short, ineffective exhalation
Commonly seen with brainstem insult
Slow, shallow, irregular, or occasional gasping breaths
Seen as a result from cerebral anoxia. Agonal gasps may be seen when the heart has stopped but the brain continues to send signals to the muscles of respiration. Not really a respiration.